The following image is a replica of the oldest painting supposedly showing a volcanic eruption and the mountain it most likely shows is Hasan Dag.
The painting that is thought to be the first ever landscape was painted on a cave wall by a Neolithic artist. It shows what appears to be an erupting local volcano towering above the Neolithic settlement. The image of the settlement is interesting too because it is shown from birds view, a rather uncommon perspective in Neolithic times. The original painting is more than 7000 years old.
Introduction on Hasan Dag, Mount Hasan, Turkey
Mount Hasan (Turkish: Hasan Dağı) is an inactive stratovolcano in Aksaray province, Turkey. With an elevation of 3,268 m, it ranks as the second highest mountain of central Anatolia. (Wikipedia ) It last erupted 6200 BC. In the ancient world it carried the name Argaios oder Argeiopolis Mons.
Location: 38.13°N, 34.17°E
The stratovolcano Hasan Dagi has 2 central cones with a height of
3’253 m and 3’069 m. A caldera with a Diameter of 5 km dominantes the peak region of the volcano. Some eruptions produced lava streams, Lava Domes and pyroclastic flows destroyed several villages nearby. The estimated total of erupted material comes up with 354 cubic kilometer which cover an area of 760 square kilometer. On the top of the volcano you still find weak fumarolic activity. The top of the volcano is not covered with snow in winter, which shows that the volcano is only dormant and not yet completely extinct.
Quote: Wikipedia: “The ancient settlement of Çatalhöyük collected obsidian from the area of Hasan Dağ, which they probably traded with other settlements for luxury goods. Obsidian mirrors and flakes have also been found. The importance of Hasan Dağ to the people of Çatalhöyük may be shown by a wall painting, sometimes called the “first landscape” by art historians, which some believe is a depiction of Hasan Dağ towering over the settlement’s houses.”
Approximately a six hours’ walk is required to climb to the top of the mountain from the highest point accessible by car. The summit offers a fabulous view over the central Anatolian plateau, including distant Cappadocia.
Like Erciyes Dağı for central Cappadocia, Hasan Dağı is responssible for the Tuff landscapes in western Cappadocia especially the area around Aksaray and the Ihlara Valley.
The painting at one of the shrines of Catal Huyuk is considered the world’s first landscape, or a work of art depicting a scene in nature with no story. ( http://yesaparthistory.blogspot.co.at/2011/07/chapter-i-birth-of-art-africa-europe_04.html )
On the painting from around 6150BC:
I had problems to find where the image on top of this article came from. The only possible explanation i found, comes from Volcano Live: http://www.volcanolive.com/hasan.html stating: ( Quote) “Neolithic paintings show caldera formation in 7600-7500 BC. More recent paintings show pyroclastic flows that destroyed towns and villages in 620 BC.”
Obsidian was a very important material for neolithic people: They created sharp blades and other cutting or stinging devices with this stone. Obsidian was transported on trade routes and reached countries far away from the original mine. Having an obsidian mine in their territory was a source of wealth for neolithic people.
- ( http://geokult.com/2011/06/26/hasan-dag-and-catal-huyuk/
- http://www.busitu.numazu-ct.ac.jp/mochizuki/english/detailanatolia.htm )
Quote: “The Hasan Dagi is a huge stratovolcano on which caldera collapses took place in ca. 7500-7600 years ago.
The double-peaked stratovolcano Hasan Dagi in Central Anatolia has undergone four episodes of caldera collapse. The latest formed a 4-5 km wide caldera at the summit. The modern edifice is the youngest of four major basaltic-to-rhyolitic volcanic complexes dating back to the mid Miocene and was constructed within the latest caldera. Andesitic-to-dacitic lava domes form the two summits. Lava domes and associated pyroclastic-flow deposits blanket more than half the flanks of the Mount Hasan volcanic complex. A group of more than 25 Quaternary cinder cones, maars, and lava flows dot the plains surrounding Hasan Dagi. Eruptions from Hasan Dagi impacted neolithic communities and were dramatically recorded in paintings that depict apparent caldera formation about 7600-7500 BC.”
The weather forecast for hikers:
- More Sources: Volcano Live: http://www.volcanolive.com/hasan.html
- *Schmitt AK, Danišík M, Aydar E, Şen E, Ulusoy İ, et al. (2014) Identifying the Volcanic Eruption Depicted in a Neolithic Painting at Çatalhöyük, Central Anatolia, Turkey. PLoS ONE 9(1): e84711. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084711 : http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0084711
- http://www.planet-wissen.de/laender_leute/tuerkei/anatolien/kappadokien.jsp german
- http://www.swisseduc.ch/stromboli/perm/turkey/volcanoes-de.html german
- http://www.swisseduc.ch/stromboli/perm/turkey/chimney-formation-de.html german
- http://www.kapadokyaforum.com/kappadokien.php german
Oh, and new riddles are up! (Head over to the riddle page to answer them!)
2. Pillsbury’s favorite volcano.
3. Send Rin Tin Tin to Timbuktu to find this one.
I just looked at volcano discovery and found that there are 18 of them in Turkey and that none of them are on alert.
Beautiful eruption in chile. Some of the people seem to be enjoying their fire mountain to a degree.
I want to do a painting of this one. My first sketch is already done!
Oh please scan and post it here when finished, if you would do that?
Why do you think that?
Are there others of you who paint, knit, draw, build etc. volcanoes? That would be an idea for a post in the Volcano Arts section!
Update on Villarica
Gathered from various actual newspaper reports (March 5 and 6, 2015):
– SERNAGEOMIN reports that the activity of Villarrica has decreased considerably. The red danger zone has been lowert from 10 to 5 km around the crater. However, low tremor and small strombolian activity are still ongoing.
– Evacuations are stopped and people return gradually to their homes.
– Locals are worried: as this had been such an unusual short eruption, they are afraid that the vent might be obstructed and more vigorous explosions might occur, as has been seen in history. However, they are reminded by their authorities that now scientists have much better means of predicting the behaviour of the volcano and can be trusted to give the right instructions.
– Luis Lara, volcanologist, explained that in the earlier overflight a partial obstruction of the duct had been visible, but mainly the the crater was still open to allow degassing. Therefore the probability of intense energy pulses is relatively low. An eruptive activity that could happen would be smaller than that observed early on March 3.
(Photo C. Valverde via soytemuco.cl)
May I ask, what has happened to Sinabung?
I couldn’t find new reports, just a tweet saying that the lobe is collapsing.
AND: Thank you for your patience with my silly questions!!!!
Thanks for the hint! There has been another large eruption yesterday… as far as I can understand from this garbled translation it must have been pretty bad. Apart from the lava dome collapsing, PFs, lahars and sulfur smells, this eruption also caused huge forest fires which led to flight disruptions (the smoke).
This is from a lengthy article, but the translation is very hard to read:
A large eruption occurred again in Sinabung, Karo, North Sumatra, on Thursday (03/05/2015) morning. Undermined lava dome that formed in 19 February eruptions. At least 1.5 million cubic meters of volcanic material, causing ash thrown up to a radius of 10 kilometers and avalanches of hot clouds as far as 4.7 kilometers. Head of Observation and Research Volcano Western Region Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) Hendra Gunawan said, lava dome collapsed after power driven eruption of stomach sizable crater.
Btw, I hope you have no problems with the login? Just thinking, as your name is changing so often?
EDIT: No, the flight disruption was caused by volcanic ash, not by smoke from forest fires. Translation error!
WordPress is changing my name und sometimes deleting my beloved avatar. I can’t control this, I’m sorry.
This seems to be the lava dome that collapsed yesterday, seen on 28.Feb. (from https://twitter.com/hashtag/sinabung There are more very interesting photos).
Bardarbunga at last look really seems to be dropping dramatically earthquake wise.
New Riddles are up!
New Post is up! https://volcanohotspot.wordpress.com/2015/03/07/two-new-features-on-volcano-hotspot-your-input-is-wanted/